There’s nothing complicated about roasting. It’s as easy as pie, maybe even simpler as there’s just one ingredient. What’s complicated is fine-tuning the whole process to perfection. It’s also a huge responsibility. You can easily ruin something that’s been in the works for months and had been perfect up to now.
Usually roasted for 6-8 minutes or simply until achieving a light brown color. This method is used for milder coffee varieties and for coffee tasting. This type of roasting allows the natural characteristics of each coffee to show. The aroma of coffees produced from light roasts is usually more intense. The cup itself is more acidic and the concentration of caffeine is higher.
These release a stronger flavor than light roasts. The beans are still more matte than oily and caffeine content decreased. Medium roasts lack the grainy taste of lighter roasts. You also get a more balanced flavor, aroma, and acidity.
Dark roast beans are achieved through a 12-13 minute roasting process. The beans have a heavier body, a surface that appears a little oily, and are somewhat shiny. Darker roasts have a more chocolate-like flavor. The sugars in the coffee caramelize more than with light roasts and make their way to the surface of the bean. This makes the beans less acidic as well.
To put it in points, these are the general rules that apply to different levels of roasts:
- The caffeine level decreases the darker the roast is.
- Darker roasts release less acidity than lighter roasts.
- The darker the beans get roasted, the oilier their surface becomes.
- Lighter roasts maintain more of the original flavors of their varieties, while the darker they get, they tend to take on more flavor from the roasting process itself.
- The body of the coffee gets heavier until taken to really high temperatures, where they emit what is called a ‘second crack’. Then the body starts thinning out again.
You can easily imprint your own signature into each coffee that you make during the roasting process. At Dancing Goat, though, we choose instead to highlight what makes a variety great and unique.